As late as the 1980s, critics still cited Pedro Almodóvar's anti-macho iconoclasm as a rebellion against fascist mores, as he grew from countercultural rebel to mainstream respectability.  By referencing cult films, media can identify desired demographics, strengthen bonds with specific subcultures, and stand out among those who understand the intertextuality. February 2020 Menu.  This acceptance is not universal, though, and some critics have resisted this mainstreaming of paracinema. , As major Hollywood studios and audiences both become savvy to cult films, productions once limited to cult appeal have instead become popular hits, and cult directors have become hot properties known for more mainstream and accessible films. Beach party musicals, popular among American surfers, failed to find an equivalent audience when imported to the United Kingdom.  Consequently, the British Board of Film Classification banned many popular cult films due to issues of sex, violence, and incitement to crime. , I. Q.  Foreign influence can affect fan response, especially on genres tied to a national identity; when they become more global in scope, questions of authenticity may arise.  On their original release, some highly regarded classics from the Golden Age of Hollywood were panned by critics and audiences, relegated to cult status.  In The Cult Film Reader, academics Mathijs and Mendik write that these documentaries often present non-Western societies as "stereotypically mysterious, seductive, immoral, deceptive, barbaric or savage". ", "The Princess Bride cast, director talk inconceivable(!) Rocky Horror, originally made to exploit the popularity of glam subculture, became what academic Gina Marchetti called a "sub-subculture", a variant that outlived its parent subculture. Thus, fandom can keep the mainstream at bay while defining themselves in terms of the "Other", a philosophical construct divergent from social norms. While they might not host conventions like the horror and sci-fi crowds, but they are a dedicated lot that go beyond the stereotypical Jennifer Aniston admirer. At the same time, other films have acquired massive, quick cult followings, owing to spreading virally through social media.  The rise of home video would have a mainstreaming effect on cult films and cultish behavior, though some collectors would be unlikely to self-identify as cult film fans.  Writing for NPR, Scott Tobias states that Don Coscarelli, whose previous films effortlessly attracted cult followings, has drifted into this realm. November 2017 :212 Jacob deNobel of the Carroll County Times states that films can be perceived as nonsensical or inept when audiences misunderstand avant-garde filmmaking or misinterpret parody. Catching on, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer capitalized on the film's ironic appeal and marketed it as a cult film. It usually is an odd movie or obscure film it's self. February 2013 It follows the story of Sergeant Howie investigating a young girl named Rowan’s disappearance.  In the 1980s, Danny Peary's Cult Movies (1981) would influence director Edgar Wright and film critic Scott Tobias of The A.V. July 2013 This film holds some of the most quoted lines in movie history.  Halloween, on the other hand, allows flaunting society's taboos and testing one's fears. 0. These films provide mild criticism of consumerism while encouraging family values.  Cult film stars known for their camp can inject subtle parody or signal when films should not be taken seriously.  Nosferatu (1922) was an unauthorized adaptation of Bram Stoker's Dracula. 42  Some definitions exclude films that have been released by major studios or have big budgets, that try specifically to become cult films, or become accepted by mainstream audiences and critics. Nicolas Winding Refn You can follow her on Twitter: RoseMooreWrites for tweets about comics, movies, and more. Influenced by American films and early French fantasists, he drifted between art, exploitation, and pornography. Brad Pitt  Transgressive elements that limit a director's appeal in one country can be celebrated or highlighted in another. Cult films frequently break cultural taboos, and many feature excessive displays of violence, gore, sexuality, profanity, or combinations thereof. Tiny Furniture June 2013 While critics may champion revolutionary aspects of filmmaking and political interpretation, Hollywood studios and other corporate interests will instead highlight only the aspects that they wish to legitimize in their own films, such as sensational exploitation. December 2018 Sab  Imports are sometimes censored to remove elements that would be controversial, such as references to Islamic spirituality in Indonesian cult films. A Cult Classic is usually a movie which picks up a very particular following of people.  Cult films have influenced such diverse industries as cosmetics, music videos, and fashion. A cult film is any film that has a cult following, although the term is not easily defined and can be applied to a wide variety of films. Fickle fans on the Internet have latched on to unreleased films only to abandon them later on release. Although the film topped the charts when it was released, it has developed a nostalgic cult following over the years. Other cult films have since become well-respected or reassessed as classics; there is debate as to whether these popular and accepted films are still cult films. Le mythique réalisateur de La Dolce Vita, Palme d'Or en 1960, évoque au travers de Huit et Demi, film culte du cinéma italien, son angoisse de la panne d'inspiration. Michel Gondry They sell out their shows regularly and have acquired a cult following of their own. The difficulty in defin… Anime, which is frequently presented as a series (with movies either rising from existing series, or spinning off series based on the film), provides its fans with alternative fictional canons and points of view that can drive fan activity. Comments , Mathijs states that cult films and fandom frequently involve nontraditional elements of time and time management. Unconcerned with genre distinctions, they drew inspiration equally from the nonconformity of European art cinema and experimental film, the gritty subject matter of Italian neorealism, and the shocking images of 1960s exploitation. These concerns can vary from culture to culture, and they need not be at all similar. David Church and Chuck Kleinhans describe an uncritical celebration of transgressive themes in cult films, including misogyny and racism.  Cult films have been falsely claimed to have been banned to increase their transgressive reputation and explain their lack of mainstream penetration. Cult films and directors may be celebrated for their transgressive content, daring, and independence, but Tompkins argues that mainstream recognition requires they be palatable to corporate interests who stand to gain much from the mainstreaming of cult film culture.  Blockbuster science fiction films that include philosophical subtexts, such as The Matrix, allow cult film fans to enjoy them on a higher level than the mainstream.  Cult films can have such niche appeal that they are only popular within certain subcultures, such as Reefer Madness (1936) and Hemp for Victory (1942) among the stoner subculture. Ryan Gosling :190–191 Familiar with the film's reputation and having watched clips on YouTube, these fans may take the next step and enter the film's fandom. In some cases, reclaimed or rediscovered films have acquired cult followings decades after their original release, occasionally for their camp value. Several people defined cult films primarily in terms of their opposition to mainstream films and conformism, explicitly requiring a transgressive element, though others disputed the transgressive potential, given the demographic appeal to conventional moviegoers and mainstreaming of cult films. 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