Lathyrus latifolius - Perennial Pea, Sweet Pea, Everlasting Pea. If your soil is acidic, keep the soil evenly moist for good germination and growth. Plant Details South African native grown for colorful, asymmetrical flowers that look somewhat like sweet peas (Lathyrus). The sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, is a flowering plant in the genus Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae (legumes), native to Sicily, southern Italy and the Aegean Islands.. Packet: 50 seeds. Scientific name i: Lathyrus odoratus: Taxonomy navigation › Lathyrus. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. They do grow best on a neutral pH soil, so add some lime. Mosaic virus is spread by greenfly, causing yellowing of leaves, distortion of new shoots, and inhibited flowering. Genus name comes from the Greek word lathyros for pea or pulse. , Gregor Mendel is today recognized as the "Father of Modern Genetics" for his work with the cross breeding of pea plants (Pisum sativum) with different characteristics, and sweet pea has been used in a similar way. Linkage in the sweet pea (. The sweet pea plant does suffer from some pests, the most common being aphids. Jan 12,2021 - What is scientific name of PEA ? Sweet Peas are best sown in a full to part sun location directly in the ground on well-drained, compost amended soil in spring. Scientific name: Pisum sativum. Dicot Perennial Vine Herb. It is an annual climbing plant, growing to a height of 1-2 m where suitable support is available. Common Name(s): sweet pea [English] vetchling [English] peavine [English] pea [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Global Species Completeness: partial : Latest Record Review: 2011 It is an annual climbing plant, growing to a height of 1–2 metres (3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in), where suitable support is available. The sweet pea is also susceptible to ethylene in quantities produced by senescing plants. It produces masses of vibrant purple and magenta flowers throughout the year. They are native to Sicily, southern Italy and the Aegean Island. The first written record of the sweet pea appeared in 1695 in the writings of Francisco Cupani. In the wild plant the flowers are purple, up to 1.4 inches (3.5 cm) wide. Green pea. A pest called the pollen beetle which is small, shiny and black, eats the pollen and disfigures the flowers. Pea is a quick growing, an annual herbaceous vine which requires the trellis to support its growth. In 1870 he went to work for one Dr. Sankey of Sandywell near Gloucester. Several new sweet pea cultivars have been created as a result, though not any with the yellow flower color so far. Bush varieties can be planted in containers. Fabaceae (Queensland, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, and the Northern Territory) Fabaceae: sub-family Faboideae (New South Wales) Leguminosae (South Australia) Papilionaceae (Western Australia) While all members of the genus Lathyrus [ Lathyrus sativus (Chickling pea), L. odoratus (sweet pea), L. latifolius (Perennial sweet pea), L. sylvestris (flat pea), L. hirsutus (Rough Pea) ] are considered toxic, the effects of the toxins tend to be more cumulative than immediate. The leaves are pinnate with two leaflets and a terminal tendril, which twines around supporting plants and structures, helping the sweet pea to climb. Lathyrism versus odoratism. Note for bright green pod encasing round light green color edible peas. Snap peas (which gardeners often call sugar snaps after the original variety, Sugar Snap) are grown like English peas, picked when the pods have filled out and eaten pods and all. The flowers are purple and up to 1.4 inches (3.5 cm) wide in the wild plant. Sweet pea is a native of the China family of Pulses. The seeds benefit from pre-soaking or chipping with a sharp blade. More recently, the association between the sweet pea, the Eckfords and Wem has been highlighted again. sativum var. is an accepted name. Common Name: Winter Austrian Pea Scientific Name: Pisum sativum L. ssp. Description of Values. Because of this, growers are encouraged to plant sweet peas away from fruit trees among other plants prone to early dieback or senescence. These insects suck the sap out of the plants, reducing growth. In cold areas, to get an earlier flowering crop, consider starting Sweet Pea seeds indoors in pots 4 to 6 weeks before your last frost date. Genus: Lathyrus. They are grown by gardeners for private enjoyment or for exhibition, and in the floristry trade. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sweet_pea&oldid=990891979, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 03:09. A striking flower, its dark red petals are certain to catch the attention of anyone who … arvense In the late 1980s, the Sweet Pea Society of Wem started an annual show. Problems. • Attracts hummingbirds. Overview of sweet pea plants. The leaves are pinnate with two leaflets and a terminal tendril, which twines around supporting plants and structures, helping the plant to climb. Garden Pea in Spanish can be different from Garden Pea in English. They are larger and very variable in color in the many cultivars. Lathyrus aphaca. 72–96". Polygalas are wonderful flowering evergreen shrubs from South Africa that are just beginning to get the attention they deserve. The plant was categorized by Linnaeus and was done in accordance with its branch nodules that bind nitrogen from the air. Symptoms are similar to those of scurvy and copper deficiency, which share the common feature of inhibiting proper formation of collagen fibrils. Sweet Pea (Lathyrus odoratus) is a flowering plant in the genus Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae (legumes), native to the eastern Mediterranean region from Sicily east to Crete. Lathyrus hirsutus. They are grown up canes, with the new shoots being regularly pinched out to promote a bushy habit and higher flower yields. , Species of flowering plant in the pea and bean family Fabaceae. Copyright © 2013-2021 World of Flowering Plants. Sweet peas have been cultivated since the 17th century and a vast number of cultivars are commercially available.  Eckford was presented with the RHS Victoria Medal of Honour for his work. See List of AGM sweet peas. Specific epithet means broad-leaved. Some of the common names include English peas, spring peas, sweet peas, garden peas, pease,, etc. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. The sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, is a flowering plant in the genus Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae (legumes), native to Sicily, southern Italy and the Aegean Islands. Recent experiments have attempted to develop this chemical as a treatment to avoid disfiguring skin contractions after skin grafting. Sweet Peas may dry up and die in mid-summer in warmer areas. Unlike the edible pea, there is evidence that seeds of members of the genus Lathyrus are toxic if ingested in quantity. Lathyrus odoratus. Native Status: Introduced. Plants typically reach heights of 1-2m, with the flowers appearing in midsummer and continuing for many weeks if regularly deadheaded. Glycine max. These sweet-flavored peas are delicious raw or cooked. Achillea millefolium 'Red Beauty' (Red Beauty Yarrow). (1923). Vine to 6 feet long with winged stems, petioles, and peduncles which uses petiole-terminating tendrils to climb. Sweet Peas; Talinum; Tithonia (Mexican Sunflower) Tulips; Verbena; Viola (Pansy) Wildflower Mixes; Yarrow; Zinnias Family: Fabaceae - Pea family. macrocarpon Interesting and common names: mangetout (French for "eat all"), sugar snaps, sweet peas, sugar pops, sugar daddies Plant Family: Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) includes beans, other peas, lentils EarthDance Variety: ‘Sugar Snap’ Other varieties for Missouri growers: ‘Sugar Ann, ‘Super Sugar Snap’ everlasting peavine, sweet pea, broad-leaved everlasting-pea, everlasting pea. There is also a cultivar 'Dorothy Eckford', named after a family member. Climbs up to three feet on grass and other vegetation. Centrosema pubescens Benth. Common Name: Forage Pea Scientific Name: Pisum sativum Family: Fabaceae Cool-Season Legumes. It is highly suitable as a genetic subject because of its ability to self-pollinate and its easily observed Mendelian traits such as colour, height and petal form. : Sweet Pea, Tangier Pea, Everlasting Pea, Caley Pea, Singletary Pea Leucothoe axillaris and Leucothoe davisiae: Drooping Leucothoe, Sierra Laurel Linum usitatissimum: Flax Dastur, D.K. Bateson, W., Saunders, E.R. Rank ... Sweet Water Press. Punnett, R.C. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family Genus: Lathyrus L. – pea Species: Lathyrus cicera L. – red pea Subordinate Taxa. Lathyrus odoratus is an annual, climbing plant, growing up 6.7 feet (2 m) tall, where suitable support is available. The plants are also available later in the season, as young plants or plugs. Flower … No serious insect or disease problems Slugs and snails are attracted to young plants. (1906). Other pests include caterpillars, thrips, slugs and snails. The leaves are pinnate with 2 leaflets and a terminal tendril, which twines around supporting plants and structures, helping the plant to climb. Nick the seeds with a nail file and soak them overnight in warm water to hasten germination. The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum.Each pod contains several peas, which can be green or yellow. Family: Fabaceae Snap Peas Scientific Name: Pisum sativum var. He died in 1906, but his work was continued for a time by his son John Eckford. There are ongoing attempts to bring the yellow color into Lathyrus odoratus by crossing it with Lathyrus belinensis. Experimental studies in the physiology of heredity. It was used by Punnett in early studies of genetic linkage. “Odoratus” on the other hand is … Perennial Pea, Sweet Pea, Everlasting Pea - Lathyrus latifolius. Description / Shipment / Storage / Risk factors Scientific Name and Introduction. The annual species, L. odoratus, may be confused with the everlasting pea, L. latifolius, a perennial.. Plant type Flowering plant. Basic Sweet Pea Flower Information Common Names Sweet Pea Scientific Name Genus species Lathyrus odoratus Family Fabaceae History With more than 260 varieties in cultivation, sweet peas come in a broad color range, including white, purple, pink, lavender and red. (1959). The large, pea-shaped seeds are sown in cold frames in Spring or Autumn. He later passed the seeds onto a botanist at the medical school in Amsterdam who later published a paper on sweet peas, including the first botanical illustration. Dense growth to 23 feet high and wide. This repeat bloomer provides continuous accent color. Enjoy the early summer crop and consider planting a crop in mid-summer for fall. The two words in the flower’s scientific name, “ Lathyrus odoratus,” mean “fragrant” and also “very attractive.” That meaning makes a lot of sense! Ht. Scientific Name: Lathyrus odoratus: Common Name: Sweet Pea: Height: 5-8 feet: Spread: 1-2 feet: Bloom time: Spring, Summer: Flower color: Various: Light Exposure: Observations of odoratism (sweet pea lathyrism) in the rat.  The main effect is thought to be on the formation of collagen. Terminal (leaf) node. See more at How to Grow and Care for Sweet Peas. Sweetpea The scientific name of sweetpea flower is Lathyrus Odoratus. Lathyrus spp. Kummerowia stipulacea. Seeds of the sweet pea contain beta-aminopropionitrile that prevents the cross-linking of collagen by inhibiting lysyl oxidase and thus the formation of allysine, leading to loose skin. Family: Fabaceae Cool-Season Legumes. Identification Notes. and Iyer, C.G. By 1901, he had introduced a total of 115 of the 264 cultivars grown at the time. Tribe: Vicieae , In studies of rats, animals fed a diet of 50% sweet pea seeds developed enlarged adrenals relative to control animals fed on edible peas. Subfamily: Faboideae Many genetic principles were discovered or confirmed in this species. Botanically, pea pods are fruit, since they contain seeds and develop from the ovary of a (pea) flower. Additional potential pests include aphids, pea moth and mites. Once important cut flowers, prized for their aroma and range of colours, sweet peas benefit substantially from anti-ethylene pretreatments. A related species, Lathyrus sativus, is grown for human consumption but when it forms a major part of the diet it causes symptoms of toxicity called lathyrism. Many of the street signs now carry a sweet-pea motif, and an area of the town is known as Eckford Park. In the wild plant the flowers are purple, 2–3.5 centimetres (0.79–1.38 in) broad; they are larger and very variable in colour in the many cultivars. Common Name: Sweet Clover Scientific Name: Melilotus spp. Subscribe now and be up to date with our latest news and updates. Sun required full sun to partial shade. Journal of Nutrition 53: 105-13. NOTE: Spencer Series sweet peas are known as late-flowering because they require at least 12 hours of daylight, unlike more modern sweet pea varieties bred for winter production, which may require only 10–11 hours of daylight. It was derived from the Geek word “lathyros” which means pulse or pea. Life Cycle. Dasler, W. (1954). Native to Sicily, Cyprus, southern Italy, and the Aegean Islands. Flowers are usually strongly scented. Lathyrus belinensis is a related Lathyrus species which has red and yellow flowers. Birmingham. Common name i: Sweet pea: Synonym i-Other names i ›Lathyrus odoratus L. Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i … Plant Guide.  Complementary factor inheritance was also elucidated in sweet peas, from the cross of two pure-breeding white strains which gave rise to a blue hybrid, the blue colour requiring two genes derived independently from the two white parents. Kummerowia striata. The sweet pea is thus a model organism being used in early experimentations in genetics, particularly by the pioneer geneticist Reginald Punnett. Additional common names for this species include perennial pea and wild sweet pea. 400 seeds/oz. Genus Common Name: Pea. , Like the blue rose, the yellow sweet pea remains elusive. Stems. All rights reserved. Avg. Inch-long, rounded leaves are gray-green. Pukinggan is a common name shared by (1) Centrosema pubescens, butterfly pea; and (2) Clitorea ternatea, blue pea vine. | EduRev Class 10 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 285 Class 10 Students. introduced perennial, reproducing by seed and rooting stems. Lathyrus odoratus is an annual climbing plant that grows up 6.7 feet (2 m) tall where suitable support is available. Petite Butterflies is a compact variety with very dense foliage that will grow to about three to four feet high and wide. In 1888 he set up his development and trial fields for sweet peas in Wem in Shropshire. Since Sweet Peas are a Legume, they need little additional fertilizer. Value Class Food Cover; Singletary Pea, Caley Pea, Pea,Singletary: Scientific Name: Lathyrus hirsutus: Family: Fabaceae: Longevity: Annual: Season: Cool: Origin: Introduced: Height: Vine: Flowers: May: Description: A vine-like legume with flattened leaves and stems. Indigofera hirsuta. A member of the Royal Horticultural Society, he was awarded a First Class Certificate (the top award) in 1882 for introducing the sweet pea cultivar 'Bronze Prince', marking the start of association with the flower. They are larger and very variable in color in the many cultivars. Hoffmannseggia glauca. Scottish nurseryman Henry Eckford (1823–1905) cross-bred and developed the sweet pea, turning it from a rather insignificant if sweetly scented flower into a floral sensation of the late Victorian era. Data Source and Documentation ... Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. , Over 50 cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The Plant List: See: Taxonomic note below on … His initial success and recognition came while serving as head gardener for the Earl of Radnor, raising new cultivars of pelargoniums and dahlias. The scientific name of Garden Pea is the botanical name or formal name. They have the tenderness and fleshy pod qualities of young beans with the flavor of peas. Plant once your ground has dried out, spacing the seeds 6 inches (15 cm) apart. Butterfly pea is a English common name shared by both species. Air Warden. Cyamopsis tetragonoloba. It is grown as an annual plant, so it has no USDA hardiness zone. Snap Peas. Crotalaria spp. Other Common Names: english pea field pea green pea Fact Sheet. Plant climbing Sweet Peas along a fence, trellis, or wire. Another problem is mildew; this is a white powdery coating that covers the leaves and slows down growth. and Punnett, R.C. Common name Sweet peas. Sweet peas (Lathyrus odoratus) reside in the genus Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae of legumes. Scientific Name: Lathyrus latifolius L. Family Name: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) - Pea or Bean Family.
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